Nagpur is the largest city in central India & the winter capital of the state of Maharashtra. It is a fast-growing metropolis and is the third most-populous city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune and also one of the country's most industrialized cities. With a population of 2,405,421, Nagpur is the 13th most populous city and 13th largest urban agglomeration in India. According to a survey by ABP News-Ipsos, Nagpur has been identified as the best city in India by topping the liveability, greenery, public transport, and health care indices. Nagpur is the seat of the annual winter session of the Maharashtra state assembly, "Vidhan Sabha". Nagpur is a major commercial and political center of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. In addition, the city derives political importance from being the headquarters for the Hindu nationalist organisation RSS and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist movement.
It is famous for the Nagpur Orange and is known as the "Orange City" for being a major trade center of oranges cultivated in the region. The city was founded by the Gonds and later became a part of the Maratha Empire under the Bhonsles. The British East India Company took over Nagpur in the 19th century and made it the capital of the Central Provinces and Berar. After the first reorganisation of states, the city lost its status as the capital. Following the informal "Nagpur Pact" between political leaders, it was made the second capital of Maharashtra.
Nagpur is also called the "Tiger Capital of India” as it connects many tiger reserves in India to the world. It is among the important cities for the Information Technology sector in Maharashtra. Nagpur lies at the dead center of the country with the Zero Mile marker indicating the geographical center of India.