Lucknow is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. This metro city is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division. Lucknow has always been known as a multicultural city and flourished as a cultural and artistic capital of North India in the 18th and 19th centuries and as a seat of power of Nawabs. Today it continues as an important centre of education, commerce, aerospace, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, culture, tourism, music, and poetry. Lucknow ranked 6th among all the cities in India for fastest job-creation. It is the largest city of Uttar Pradesh, and after Delhi the second largest metro of North and Central India, and the 11th largest city of India. Standard Hindi is the city's primary official language. However, the most prominent language spoken in Lucknow is colloquial Hindustani. English is also well understood and is widely used for business and administrative purposes, as a result of India's British heritage and of Commonwealth tradition, as well as globalisation.
The language of Urdu is reserved for the more wealthy families and the remaining member of the royal family, however, it is widely used in Urdu poetry, and is used on public signs and the language is also reserved as part of Lucknowi culture and heritage. The city's design was heavily influenced by the several emperors and incorporates significant areas of natural imperial that have earned Lucknow the title of the "city of nawabs". It is also known as the Golden City of India, Shiraz-i-Hind and the Constantinople of the East. Lucknow's society is very famous for its etiquette and traditions to attain a rare degree of sophistication. Be it the cultural charm or the monumental one, all are well conserved here to make Lucknow "The city of many splendours".